(in no particular order)
Currently, we use the MOD44W product to provide a "reference" water layer. This is removed from the detected surface water, to identify flood. However, there are areas where the MOD44W is not accurate due to seasonal or other issues, or is perhaps simply out of date. We will build a custom reference water layer based on our own algorithm's output. This may, at least for certain regions, be seasonally dependent, so that seasonally normal high water is not reported as flood.
We are working on implementing a cloud shadow mask, which will help us avoid mis-identifcaiton of water (and flood) in persistently partially cloudy areas, and also allow us to evaluate products from a single image. Currently, we require multiple (at least 2) water observations of a pixel for it to be marked as water. With an effective cloud shadow mask, we may be able to produce reasonable surface water and flood products from single MODIS observations.
The near real-time processed MODIS imagery has occasional misregistration issues that may affect product output, particularly along the perimeters of detected water features. We are investigating this issue further and hope to implement a fix.
Currently, water is often erroneously detected in areas of terrain shadow, because shadows are often spectrally similar to water. This appears as a scattering of flood pixels in mountainous regions. We are working on a fix for this, which will mask out water detections under terrain shadow.
We plan to implement reporting of the detected flood area per tile, so that areas where flooding is occurring can quickly be identified. This information will be available from the atom feed (modis.geobliki.com/modis/geoactivities.atom), and we also will incorporate it into the flood map tile display on this website (oas.gsfc.nasa.gov/floodmap/index.html). It could also be automatically emailed to interested parties.
To subscribe to our mailing list to receive email notification of updates, please, click here.